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Formative Assessment: A Research Summary

The role of formative assessment in student outcomes, personalized learning, and PLCs.

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The cancellation of summative assessments in the spring of 2020 coupled with the variability of the spring 2021 testing season has significantly impacted the K–12 assessment landscape, making formative and frequent checks for understanding an educators’ main line of sight into what students know and don’t know. Formative assessments provide teachers with immediate, meaningful feedback about student mastery so they can adjust instruction in the moment and design targeted interventions.