Compared to students from 61 other countries and a few cities like Shanghai and Hong Kong, American students fail miserably on international tests in reading, science, and mathematics. In her review of Yong Zhao’s Who’s Afraid of the Big Bad Dragon? Why China Has the Best (and Worst) Education System in the World, Diane Ravitch outlines her belief that US policymakers and legislators use these scores to justify their “love affair” with a “steady diet of testing and accountability” at the cost of abandoning America’s historic values of creativity and innovation. Zhao, a professor at the University of Oregon who was born and educated in China, warns America to not to be fooled by China’s high test scores. The scores, he argues, do not reflect an education system geared towards learning, but rather a system geared toward test preparation.